top of page

Thyroid disorders

Thyroid gland regulates our metabolisim.

Thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located in front of the neck below the Adam's apple. It has two lobes which is connected in the middle by a thin tissue called istmus. Thyroid secretes hormones called T3 and T4 that regulate our metabolism. These hormones adjust a lot of vital functions such as heart rate, blood pressure and metabolisms of glucose, fat and cholesterol. Secretion of thyroid hormones are modulated by the thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) which is released by the pituitary galand located in the brain. When T3 and T4 levels are low the pituitary gland releases more TSH and the thyroid secretes more T3 and T4. When T3 and T4 levels become high, then the pituitary gland stops releasing TSH and the T3 and T4 levels return to normal.  This relationship between the thyroid and pituitary galand is like an oven with thermostat. The thyroid is like an oven that produces heat, and the pituitary gland is like the thermostat that regulates the temperature of the oven. 














Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid glans can not produce sufficient amount of T3 and T4. Typical symptoms include fatigue, dry skin, alopesia, constipation and edema. The opposite of hypothyroidism is called hyperthyroidism, which means excessive production of T3 and T4 by the thyroid gland. In such patients, the typical complaints are tremor, nervousness, sweating, weight loss, hypertension and increased heart rate

For more information about the common thyroid disorders, please click the relevant button below.

What is thyroid, where is thyroid, the function of thyroid, how does thyroid work, 



You can get information on our treatments via phone and e-mail as well as by filling and sending the consultation form below. Please send the reports of your thyroid ultrasound, hormones, scintigraphy and biopsy (if available) via e mail (thyroidgoiter@gmail.comor whats up ( +90-850-255 24 23). Remember to write clearly your e mail address and phone number so that we can return to you as soon as possible. 

Please send separately the results of your thyroid ultrasound, hormones, scintigraphy and biopsy (if available)

Tebrikler! Mesajınız alındı.

bottom of page